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Planetary Gearbox

Planetary Gearbox
Planetary Gearbox
Product Description

Planetary Gearbox

What millennial-old technique are the basics of many of the most innovative technical breakthroughs of this moment? Robotics, 3D printing and new means of transport all have one thing in common: often they are driven by a planetary gearbox. As a supplier of planetary gearboxes, of course we know all ins and outs, but what if you encounter this technique for the first time? We have decided to explain it clearly for all – In this article we discuss the basics of the planetary gearbox.

WHAT IS A PLANETARY GEARBOX?

A planetary gearbox is a gearbox with the input shaft and the output shaft aligned. A planetary gearbox is used to transfer the largest torque in the most compact form (known as torque density).

The bicycle’s acceleration hub is a great example of a planet-wheel mechanism: Have you ever wondered how you can get so much power and capabilities in such a little hub? For a three-speed hub, a one-stage planetary gear system is used, for a five-speed hub a 2-stage. Each planet gear system has a reduction state, a direct coupling and an acceleration mode.

In mathematical terms, the smallest reduction ratio is 3: 1; the largest is 10: 1. At a ratio of less than 3, the sun gear becomes too big against the planet gears. At a ratio greater than 10 the sun wheel becomes too small and the torque will drop. The ratios are usually absolute i.e. an integer number.

Whoever invented the planetary gearbox is not known, but was functionally described by Leonardo ad

 WHY IS IT NAMED A PLANETARY GEARBOX?

The planetary gearbox got its name because of how the different gears move together. In a planetary gearbox we see a sun (solar) gear, satellite (ring) gear and two or more planet gears. Normally, the sun-gear is driven and thus moves the planet gears locked in the planet carrier and form the output shaft. The satellite gears have a fixed position in relation to the outside world. This looks similar to our planetary solar system and that is where the name comes from. What helped was that ancient gear constructions were used extensively in astrology for mapping and following our celestial bodies. So it was not such a big step to make.

In practice, we often speak from the perspective of the use of planetary gearboxes for industrial automation. That is why we call the sun-gear the input shaft, the planet gears and carrier the output shaft and the satellite gear (or ring gear) the housing.

 POSSIBILITIES OF PLANETARY GEARBOXES

It is possible to realize different speeds and turning directions with the same construction. This can be achieved by, for example reversing the gearbox, which offers the following possibilities:

Driven side

Solid world

To be driven side

Result

Input shaft

Housing

Output shaft

Reduction

Input shaft

Output shaft

Housing

Reverse movement + Delay

Output shaft

Input shaft

Housing

Delay

Output shaft

Housing

Input shaft

Acceleration

Housing

Output shaft

Input shaft

Reverse movement + Acceleration

Housing

Input shaft

Output shaft

Delay

In- and output shaft

N.A.

Housing

1:1

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Plot No. 7314/8, Near Karmatur Square, G.I.D.C., Ankleshwar, Gujarat, 393002, India
Phone :+918037404906